Under Title I of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, LEAs are required to provide services for eligible public and private school students. In particular, Section 1120 requires a participating LEA to provide eligible children attending private elementary and secondary schools, their teachers, and their families with Title I services or other benefits that are equitable to those provided to eligible public school children, their teachers, and their families.
The Title I services for private school students must be developed in consultation with officials of the private schools in a timely and meaningful manner. An LEA must collect a written affirmation signed by private school officials indicating that the required consultation has occurred.
The amount of Title I funds allocated to each participating public school attendance area or school is determined primarily on the basis of the total number of low-income students--both public and private--residing in each attendance area. Private school students who reside in a participating public school attendance area of the LEA are eligible to receive Title I services, regardless of the physical location of the participating private school.
The Title I services provided by the LEA for private school participants should be designed to meet their educational needs and supplement the educational services provided by the private school. These services may be provided by the LEA, or by a contractor who is independent of the private school and any religious organization. Title I services or benefits must be secular, neutral, and non-ideological.